- Education Overview
- The funding and administration of education in
Vietnam is coordinated by the Ministry of Education and Training.
Approximately 15% of the state budget is allocated to education.
Money is paid directly to institutions through local People’s
Committees, which provide guidance in making administrative decisions.
Because much of the funds allocated for education come from local
sources, relatively poor areas have less money available for educational
purposes. Primary and lower
secondary schools although established by local authorities, fall under
the responsibility of the Department of General Education as regards
staffing, curriculum, textbooks, examinations and certificates.
- At higher educational institutions, the amount of
tuition paid by students is determined by a committee of university
administrators. All universities charge the same amount of tuition.
The Ministry of Education and Training provides over half of the
funding needed for institutional operating expenses.
- In 1997, there were 22 million students enrolled in
all levels of education in Vietnam. Among them 13.2 million in
primary schools, 4.3 million in secondary schools, and 26,000 were in
enrolled in colleges and universities.
- Pre-higher education in Vietnam is divided into
primary, lower secondary, upper secondary and technical and vocational
secondary education. Students
enter primary programmes at age six and must remain in school until
completion of primary education, which marks the end of compulsory
education. Students who continue beyond compulsory education and
complete the secondary cycle of education sit for the Bàng
Tốt Nghiệp Phố
Thông Trung Học, a universal graduation examination. Successful
completion of this examination is the general admission requirement for
admission into higher education. Public education at the primary and
secondary level is free.
- Higher education is provided by universities,
polytechnics, teacher training institutes, and colleges. There are also
many private institutions. Higher
education institutions are under the authority of the Ministry of
Education and Training and educational authorities at the provincial
level. There are over 100 higher education institutions. The
universities in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City have been granted greater
autonomy than other higher education institutions. Faculties of Medicine
are under the authority of the Ministries of Health and Education.
In addition, some academic institutions are under the control of
other ministries, such as the Ministry of Law or the Ministry of
- In addition to formal university study, distance
education is offered at two open universities. There are also provincial
centers that offer distance education.
Several universities offer non-formal extra-mural education in
areas such as rural development, draughtsmanship, agriculture, and
- Vietnamese is the language of instruction at all
levels of education.
and Public Education
education is not permitted at the primary and secondary level.
However, the government has established four special upper
secondary schools for gifted and talented students; Amsterdam School and
Chu Van An School in Hanoi, Quoc Hoc School in Hue, and Le Hong Phong
School in Ho Chi Minh City. The schools have a higher admission standard
and attract students from other parts of the country.
through June. The school
year at all levels of education consists of two terms or semesters; the
first begins in September and ends in February and the second begins
after the end of Tét
(the Vietnamese lunar New Year celebration) and concludes in late June.
- Four-to five-year university courses are offered
for teaching at secondary school level to graduates of secondary
school. Provincial and
municipal administrations offer three-year courses to train graduates
of upper secondary schools to teach one main subject, plus a
subsidiary subject in primary schools. Two-year courses taught at
postsecondary institutions are available to enable teachers to teach
at primary schools.
Revised: May 06, 2004
Copyright © 2001 World Education Services.
All rights reserved.