Preschool Education (Educación Preescolar)
Primary Education (Educación Primaria)
Lower-Seconary (Educación Secundaria)
Upper-Secondary Education (Educación Media
Higher Education (Educación Superior)
in Mexico is offered by institutions under the jurisdiction of the
federal, state and municipal government, as well as private
institutions. Formal education, except for autonomous universities, is
regulated by the Secretaría de Educación Pública SEP
(Ministry of Education). Certain specialized schools are controlled by
the ministries of defense, navy, agriculture and health.
In 1991, the Federal Government spent $9,792,140,685.2 on
education. $1,997,898,827.6 was spent by state governments,
$37,398,982.1 by local governments (municipalities) and
$692,694,190.15 by the private sector.
- The Mexican educational system has a total of 25
million students and 170,000 schools.
Primary education represents 56.2% of the total number of
students. Secondary education represents over 30% of the system and
higher education represents 4.5% with 1,200,000 students currently
education system of Mexico is organized as follows:
and Public Education
are classified depending on their source of financing as follows:
institutions with academic programmes must be accredited by the SEP.
The SEP is responsible for designing the curriculum for all public
and private primary schools.
- The academic
calendar for elementary and secondary education begins in September and
ends on June 30th, with vacations in December and April. The academic
calendar for institutions of higher education varies. Some universities
offer year-long courses, although most institutions now employ a
- Until 1984,
elementary education teacher training was offered at upper-secondary
teacher training institutions, escuelas normales. Currently,
teachers for both elementary and secondary education, are trained at
tertiary level institutions. These programmes are generally four years in
length and lead to the award of licenciatura (licentiate).
- The grading
system for most institutions at all levels of education is as follows:
Education Services, International Grade Conversions
Revised: May 06, 2004
Copyright © 2001 World Education Services.
All rights reserved.